The fundamentalist reader and the modern biblical scholar using historico-critical methods are the obverse and reverse of the same coin. They are concerned with the Bible as fact, as real history; so the focus is on the truth behind the text, the exact reference of the words and narratives. Compared with early Christian interpretation, this is earth bound, literalizing–a physical or material approach. the patristic authors consistently show how the words point beyond themselves, how the Bible is really about transformation, about change, about the conversion of the reader. – Frances M. Young, Brokenness & Blessing: Towards a Biblical Spirituality, 29.